An analysis of winfield scotts anaconda plan

The idea was to isolate the Confederacy both diplomatically and economically, preventing it from exporting cotton and tobacco to Europe and importing weapons, foodstuffs, and other necessities.

The presence of the blockade was also intended to be instrumental in stopping the Confederacy from trading with the outside world, in either direction. Only a few major ports would be defended.

At this point, thought Scott, those in the South who agreed with the Union of whom he believed there were many more than had stated their positions publicly would force their governors to agree to surrender.

And when David G. This was easily done, as on September 16, it was abandoned by its Rebel defenders, who feared that they might be cut off from the mainland. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 9 May. In the four years of war, the Federal Navy enforced a blockade that certainly weakened the South, although its effect on the war effort is still debated.

Although the board recommended that Fernandina, Florida be taken as the southern anchor of the blockade, two other positions were captured before Fernandina. That antebellum plan was intended to crush a limited domestic insurrection by closing ports and using the Army to pressure civilians to demand surrender.

The briefings he gave resulted in refinement of the military objectives to which the Union would aspire. Thus that city became the only point on the river not in Federal hands.

Not only were they farther from the centers of blockade-running activity in Bermuda and Nassau, [31] but ships trying to reach them from the Atlantic Ocean would have to run past the Florida Keys, which remained in Federal control throughout the war and served as the base for the Gulf later, East Gulf Blockading Squadron.

Missouri was torn by internal conflict that mimicked in miniature the larger war that was convulsing the nation; Maryland was kept in the Union by jailing many of the opposition faction; and Kentucky tried to keep the peace by proclaiming its neutrality, whereby it would aid neither the North nor the South if they would agree to leave the state alone.

The department, in the person of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Gustavus Vasa Foxearly decided on the capture of New Orleans by a naval expedition from the Gulf of Mexicoafter which all other towns bordering the river would fall rather than face bombardment.

Henry Wager Halleckthe Mississippi became a somewhat neglected theater for operations in the West. An invasion as proposed would alienate many of these people, and would subject both enemies and friends to the ravages of war. Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published.

The limited endurance of steamships then implied that one of the first requirements would be possession of a harbor that would serve as a coaling station near the southern end of the blockading line, as otherwise blockaders would spend too much of their time going to and from home port seeking replenishment.

At this point, thought Scott, those in the South who agreed with the Union of whom he believed there were many more than had stated their positions publicly would force their governors to agree to surrender.

The briefings he gave resulted in refinement of the military objectives to which the Union would aspire. Hope deferred makes the heart sick, and the country impatiently demands to know the reason for the procrastination. They point out that the collapse of the Army of Northern Virginiawhich in was virtually all that remained of the Confederacy, followed soon after the loss of Wilmington to the Union.

The depot passed into Federal control, where it remained for the rest of the war, providing the Union with another crushing advantage.

He assumed that the military only needed to create the right circumstances for Unionism to reemerge in the South. But he recognized how critical it was to train those men, while Washington politicians preferred to fight sooner and closer to home.

An invasion as proposed would alienate many of these people, and would subject both enemies and friends to the ravages of war. Franklin Gardnerthe commander there, knew that further resistance was pointless.

Scott's war strategy anticipated realities that other military men and politicians were either unable to see or face. Night after night has this comforting assurance been carried us on the wings of lightnings, until people have lost faith in electricity, and pronounce its statements unmitigated falsehoods.

Cite This Entry Wolfe, B. It received the name because of its relative passivity: It was put into action inand consisted of several parts. Most historians regard this as merely a modification of the basic strategy in the course of events.

More serious was that western Virginia West Virginia had not yet parted from Virginia was still very much pro-Union; according to Scott's estimate, its populace stood five out of seven opposed to secession.

It remained accessible to blockade runners for the rest of the war but, like all of the Trans-Mississippiwas rendered worthless to the Rebellion when the loss of Vicksburg completed Federal control of the Mississippi River. Recognizing that the Confederacy had no real navy at the war's start, he called for a blockade of all Southern ports along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts.

Anaconda Plan

It remained so, much like Wilmington, until late in the war. Unable to sell goods particularly cotton on the world market, the Confederate government was already strained financially as early as Imaginative methods to achieve the same end resulted in the development and deployment of submarines and torpedo boats.

Scott was, however, mistaken: In fact, only the first two were consequential; a mere eight steam-powered blockade runners entered Georgia or northern Florida ports throughout the entire war. The depot passed into Federal control, where it remained for the rest of the war, providing the Union with another crushing advantage.

In early June, this was swept aside by the gunboats of the Western Gunboat Flotilla soon thereafter to be transformed into the Mississippi River Squadron and a collection of War Department ramsand the Mississippi was open down to Vicksburg. It was put into action inand consisted of several parts.The Anaconda Plan was the initial Civil War strategy devised by General Winfield Scott of the U.S.

Army to put down the rebellion by the Confederacy in The Anaconda Plan was General Winfield Scott's strategic plan to blockade and cut off the Confederacy from the outside world. It was a slow way of defeating the South, casualties during the Civil War would have been greatly reduced if the plan had worked as originally designed.

The Anaconda Plan is the name applied to a U.S. Union Army outline strategy for suppressing the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War. Proposed by Union general-in-chief Winfield Scott, the plan emphasized a Union blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South in two.

The Anaconda Plan is the name applied to a U.S. Union Army outline strategy for suppressing the Confederacy at the beginning of the American Civil War. Proposed by Union general-in-chief Winfield Scott, the plan emphasized a Union blockade of the Southern ports, and called for an advance down the Mississippi River to cut the South.

Anaconda Plan

The Anaconda Plan was the popular name given to a strategy employed by the Union during the American Civil War. It consisted of a large-scale blockade of ports in the South, combined with a Federal attack along the Mississippi River, aimed at splitting the Confederacy.

The plan was suggested by Winfield Scott, General-in-Chief of the U.S. Army. It received the name because of its relative. “The Anaconda Plan” was devised by General Winfield Scott and President Lincoln to squeeze the Confederacy into submission by blockading the South’s seaports.

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An analysis of winfield scotts anaconda plan
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