White and Asian American households have higher median incomes than households of color U. We deserve the fruits of our labor, reward for our noble feats and punishment for our misbehavior.
A better strategy would be to hire the best police, that is, those who can perform in disciplined, intelligent manner, regardless of their race. Their stated concern has not been the requirements of survival, but of justice.
It makes no more sense to discriminate in favor of a rich Black or female who had the opportunity of the best family and education available against a poor White, than it does to discriminate in favor of White males against Blacks or Affirmative action should reduce inequality essay. There are brilliant and retarded people in each group.
Secondly, society lacks an accepted procedure for determining whether and to what degree actions permitted by law were unjust. Democrats depend on, and Republicans would love to have, the votes of these two minorities, whose combined proportion of the population is over twenty percent and growing; neither political party is likely to hazard such a prize for the sake of racial impartiality, unless the white majority insists.
But no one has earned or deserves his intelligence, talent, education or cultural values which produce superior qualifications. By judging an individual based on his or her class instead of race, schools and other social institutions can assist those who are really are in need.
Was the sweeping public condemnation of racial discrimination that emerged in the twentieth century an error of moral judgment? How could fairness require equal participation regardless of qualifications for certain groups when it demands the contrary for the individuals who constitute the groups?
The question, then, is whether racial preference, if limited to black and Native Americans, would be justifiable as compensation for past injustice. Hiring more less qualified Black policemen, who would relate better to these youth, may have overall utilitarian value.
Suppose that the achievement test scores of the 15 children fall below the 25th percentile. Since it is justified in relation to a right to equal opportunity, and since the application of the rule may simply compound injustices when opportunities are unequal elsewhere in the system, the creation of more equal opportunities takes precedence when in conflict with the rule for awarding positions.
Therefore better qualified people do not deserve their qualifications. If the injury thus extends to the group as a whole, should not the remedy as well? Summing Up The rejection of racial preference is based on a syllogism: If the danger were to become clear and present, how effectively would preference avert it?
If a person does not deserve what produces something, he does not deserve its products.
Increase federal aid for the working poor, including earned income credits and child-care subsidies for those with children. Suppose my parents, divining that I would grow up to have an unsurpassable desire to be a basketball player, bought an expensive growth hormone for me.
White students are more likely to attend schools that are better funded and offer more educational resources opportunities than their peers of color Kozol ;Lafortune, Rothstein, and Schanzenbach ; Reardon, Kalogrides, Shores ; Roscigno, Tomaskovic-Deveym, Crowley It also shows how race can be directly relevant to a compelling state interest, rather than merely a proxy for something else, such as diversity of opinions Anderson So does suspicion of people based solely on the color of their skin, as the Trayvon Martin tragedy again reminds us.
Under this approach the right to compensation would be implemented by racial preference, whether in the form of monetary reparation, special education and training, or preferential selection.
Why does society have to step in and help them? As Barbara Bergmann argues, "Diversity has positive value in many situations, but in some its value is crucial. I do not care whether the group of surgeons operating on me reflect racial or gender balance, but I do care that they are highly qualified.
But despite these legal victories, have universities actually made a case for diversity as the justifying basis for race—conscious admissions? With no help from proven injury to individuals, one would need an evaluation of the effects of the extraordinary injustice on the overall condition of the group, including a reasonable demonstration of the extent to which present shortcomings were due to past oppression and not to other causes.
Normally, we think of compensation as owed by a specific person A to another person B whom A has wronged in a specific way C. It is time now to ask whether the categorical prohibition of racial discrimination goes too far.Affirmative Action: Equality or Reverse Discrimination?
Affirmative action is a program that serves to rectify the effects of purportedly past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and opportunities to minorities and women. Pro Affirmative Action Essay. Affirmative action is a policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination of minorities through active measures in order to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment.
In other words, it is policy that was established to hopefully eliminate racial preference and equalize the United States.
We will write a custom essay sample on Affirmative Action Avoiding Racial Discrimination specifically for you. and to reduce the number of blacks (Glazer ). Steele means that affirmative action appears to solve the inequality, but instead it makes people see how unequal they actually are.
The Case Against Affirmative Action Louis P. Pojman. In this essay I set forth nine arguments against Strong Affirmative Action, which I define as preferential treatment, discriminating in favor of members of under-represented groups, which have been treated unjustly in the past, against innocent people.
The term ‘affirmative action’ includes laws, policies, and programs designed to reduce or eliminate inequality (Hudson). Inequality is also a difficult term to define, but the fact that significantly fewer women and minorities enjoy high paying jobs, attend prestigious universities, and reside in wealthy neighborhoods m.
"Affirmative Action" was initiated in the early 's by President John F. Kennedy in an attempt to improve employment and educational opportunities for people belonging to a minority population ("Affirmative Action").Download